Trunova H. А. Some problems of reforming the pension system in Ukraine.
The article, based on the analysis of the past stages of reforming the pension system, current pension legislation and law enforcement practice in this area, considers the problems and prospects of reforming the pension system in Ukraine. Conclusions were made and separate proposals were made on the need for a comprehensive approach to the process of reforming the pension system in Ukraine in order to establish a decent level of pension provision for citizens and guarantee the implementation of pension rights. Emphasis is placed on the need for legal regulation of the pension system at the level of law in accordance with the provisions of Article 92 of the Constitution of Ukraine and the termination of the practice of administrative regulation. The necessity of improving the solidarity pension system (pay-as-you-go) in the direction of establishing international legal standards for determining the amount of pension, simplifying the procedure for its appointment, increasing the role of insurance experience is substantiated. There are reservations about the possibility of introducing a funded pension system due to the negative experience of other states and the lack of a properly developed system of state guarantees for the stability of such a system. The importance of protecting a certain category of people from occupational risks in the work environment has been proven by introducing mandatory pension insurance through occupational and corporate pension funds.
Conceptual issues of pension provision are perhaps the most relevant in modern Ukrainian society and in the world as a whole. At the same time, pensioners in Ukraine remain one of the most vulnerable social groups. The level of poverty remains high among people of retirement age due to the low level of pension provision, which indicates the need for further systematic improvement of pension legislation, which, on the one hand, would establish a decent level of pension provision, and on the other – guarantee citizens access to pension rights.
Key words: reform, pension, joint pension system, accumulative pension system, Pension Fund.
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