DOI 10.37749/2308-9636-2019-11(203)-5

Patlachuk A. V. The concept, principles and functions of the legal technique of environmental legislation.

The article deals with the content of the concept, of principles and functions of legal technique of environmental legislation. These principles are related to the processes of development of legal technique and environmental law, reflected the value of natural objects and provided a mode of their effective use. A study of such main  categories of legal technique of environmental legislation is undertaken: a 1) concept; 2) principles; 3) functions. Summarizing the system of different approaches, it is formulated the term of legal technique of environmental legislation, which is a dynamic phenomenon that reflects the functioning of law, environmental legislation, taking into account the features of protection of use and reproduction of natural objects and includes a system of means of preparation and adoption of regulatory and legal acts aimed at preserving the environment. This definition makes it possible to streamline legislation on the use of nature conservation and reproduction and to limit human impact on the status of such objects. Among the principles of legal technique were: 1) humanism; 2) complexity; 3) science; 4) systematicity; 5) stability; 6) public administration.

The principle of humanism is based on the ideas of a careful, caring attitude towards natural resources, which is reflected in the legal technique of draft legal acts. The principle of a comprehensive approach of legal technique of environmental legislation is connected with the necessity to take into account the difficult character of the legal regulation in this area. The principle of scientificity is connected with the necessity of observing the rules of legal technique, which is used in the preparation of environmental regulations. The principle of systematic characterized  the orientation of the legal act, the preservation of internal communication and interdependence of all its parts and the logical sequence of placement of material. The principle of stability is due to the fact that the development of the environmental protection field was through the adoption of regulations aimed at the protection of the most important natural objects. The principle of public administration finds its realization when considering the legal technique of normative legal acts adopted by public authorities and local self-government.

With the help of the functions of legal technique, tasks that are put before the law as a social institution are carried out and given that environmental norms are adopted by state bodies, some functions overlap with the functions of the state. The functions of the legal technique of environmental legislation are aimed at implementing the legislative process in this field, ensuring the legal nature of the legislation, promoting full and accurate reflection, clarity and accessibility of the content of acts. The following features of the legal technique of environmental legislation are highlighted: 1) axiological; 2) prognostic; 3) regulatory; 3) security, 4) information; 5) theoretical and methodological. Consideration of monitoring, preparation of cadasters, environmental expertise, normalization, state and public control in the field of environmental protection deserves special attention in the consideration of the functions of legal technology of environmental legislation.

Theoretical and methodological function of legal technique allows to improve the process of preparation of regulatory acts to avoid inaccuracies, contradictions and conflicts in their content.

Key words: legal technique, regulatory legal act, environmental legislation, public administration, principles of law, public authorities, functions.


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